Treatment of nasal polyps can be done with the use of drugs. If the size of the nasal polyp is too large or the existing polyp cannot be cured with medication, then surgery will be done.
Treatment Using Antihistamines
Antihistamines may be less successful in coping with nasal polyps. But doctors usually recommend this drug to help control allergies that occur. In addition, antibiotic prescriptions can also be given to overcome the major infections that cause nasal polyps. Provision of this drug is done before starting corticosteroid consumption.
Corticosteroids to Reduce Inflammation
To reduce inflammation and also shrink the existing polyps, doctors will give corticosteroid medication. This drug can also completely eliminate existing polyps. There are four types of corticosteroids that can be given to polyp patients, including drops, sprays, oral, and injections.
For first handling of polyps, corticosteroids are usually given in the form of drops or spray. If the treatment of drops or sprays has not been successful, the doctor will suggest oral corticosteroid administration.
Oral corticosteroids can be taken separately or in combination with spray or drops. This drug is not recommended for long-term consumption because it may cause side effects such as osteoporosis, weight gain, hypertension, and diabetes. Under conditions of severe nasal polyps, injectable corticosteroids are recommended.
Some conditions can cause re-formation of polyps, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, or sinus infections. If nasal polyps reappear, you may need to take daily spray corticosteroids to prevent it.
Sometimes polyps can grow to be very large and disturbing. Or nasal polyps can cause sleep apnea disorders. In these conditions, corticosteroid drugs are usually not helpful enough. An endoscopic surgical procedure may be necessary to remove the polyp that appears. In addition, this procedure can also be used to correct sinus problems that often cause inflammation, as one of the helpful sinus infection treatment
Doctors will use small appliances to remove polyps or other plugs that block the flow of fluid from the sinuses on the face.
In postoperative conditions, patients should avoid crowd and rest. It aims to avoid infection. If necessary, to prevent reappearance of nasal polyps, spray corticosteroids may be used